14Aug

The history of the bicycles

The bicycle discovery is not related to a specific time or name of a particular inventor. Through history, there were several examples of vehicles powered by human strength, but often it was significantly different from today’s bicycle concept. As the first bicycle driver, the German baron Karl von Drais was mentioned, he created a bicycle that was driven by the footsteps of the ground, it still exists in the Paleis Het Loo Museum in Apeldoorn, The Netherlands. This bike was almost entirely made of wood, this vehicle better known as “draisine” is the forerunner of a bicycle we know today.

The bicycle Draisine

Between 1850 and 1860, Frenchman Ernest Michaux with his student Pierre Lallement developed the bike pedals on the front big wheel. That bike Michaux later patented. Such bikes were difficult to drive and dangerous because the falls were frequent. Driving problems were somewhat reduced by introducing the steering wheel and shifting the seats to a better position, but the advancement was the introduction of a chain drive designed by J.K. Starley, J.H. Lawson and Shergold. Starley’s 1885 bicycle model is most often considered the first modern bicycle. Further improvement was the introduction of pneumatic tires in 1888, introduced by Scot John Boyd Dunlop.

The bicycle model in 19th century

Osnovni koncept bicikla do današnjih dana nije se bitno mijenjao, osim što je tehnološki napredak donio primjenu kvalitetnijih materijala u izradi, te su današnji bicikli daleko upravljiviji i sigurniji.