The term “bicycle” did not exist until the 1860’s when the Frenchmen invented it to describe the new two-wheel vehicle with the mechanical drive.
The bicycle was called velociped before the word ‘bicycle’ was picked up.
The first bicycle race was held in 1868 near Paris. It was 1.2 kilometres long and James Moore won on a wooden bicycle with iron tires.
Orville and Wilbur Wright, brothers who invented the first plane, had a small bike service in Dayton, USA. The workshop was used to create a plane Wright Flyer.
From 1884 to 1886, Thomas Stevens is the first person who circled the world by bicycle in history.
Fred A. Birchmore (25) circled the world by bicycle in 1935. The entire trip across Europe, Asia, and the USA amounted to 65,000 km. The only pedalling was 40000 km while the rest of the trip was spent on a boat trip. He spent seven pairs of tires.
The first commercial model of the bike that was released for sale in 1868 was weighing 80 kilograms.
In 1975, Bell Auto made the first true cycling helmet. It was made of hard plastic and similarly foam-like material. It was the beginning of the modern helmets we use today.
The bikes had tires filled with air before the cars.
The fastest speed by riding a bicycle on a flat surface, with no help, is 144.17 km/h. The record was set by Todd Reichert in 2016.
Professional cyclists go up to 40,000 km per year.
Bicyclists in America were the athletes with the highest salary before the famous baseball player Babe Ruth went to the New York Yankees.
The Tour de France is one of the most famous cycling races in the world. The first race was held back in 1903 and is considered to be the biggest endurance test in the sport at all.
The longest bicycle race in the world is the Red Bull Trans-Siberian Extreme – 9200 kilometres.
The Bicycle Motocross X (BMX) was designed in the 1970’s as a cheaper alternative to motocross motors.
BMX, the extreme discipline of bicycling racing, became the sport of 2008 at the Summer Olympics in Beijing. Maris Stromberg from Latvia won the first gold medal in the men’s BMX competition, while Anne-Caroline Chausson from France won the gold medal in the women’s competition.
A bicycle with the same energy consumption can be driven three times faster than walking.
15 bicycles can be parked on space of one car, and some say can up to 20.
There are over half a billion bicycles in China. The bike was first introduced in China at the end of the 19th century.
Every year, more than 100 million bicycles are produced worldwide.
The delivery by bicycle has evolved over the last 30 years to an important industry, especially in cities where couriers have created a reputation for fast delivery and the ability to avoid traffic jams.
On the old continent, bicycles are often used as a means of transport – in Italy, bicycles are used in 5% of all city travel, in the Netherlands 30%, and seven out of eight Danes over the age of 15 have an own bicycle. In the United States, the things are a lot different – the bicycles used for city traffic are used in less than 1% of cases.
57% of the population of Amsterdam drives a bicycle every day.
Some researches show that the number of accidents in cycling, given the mileage, is 11 times lower than the pedestrians. Due to the number of kilometres travelled, the danger of cycling is about 100 times smaller than for pedestrians and 3-4 times smaller than for car drivers.
If we compare the number of calories consumed while driving a bicycle with the number of calories burned by a car, the difference is astonishing. A bicycle driver with burned 100 calories can drive 8 km, while a car with 100 calories can drive only 85 meters.